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Summary: Actions to rename, delete & restore deleted attachments, as well as an attachlist replacement to use those actions, show file types and list attachment references.
Version: 2009-05-31
Prerequisites: PmWiki 2.2.0-beta series or later, untested on 2.1.27 and earlier
Status: beta
Maintainer: EemeliAro
Categories: Uploads
Discussion: Attachtable-Talk
Users: +9 (View / Edit)

Questions answered by this recipe

  • How can I rename attachments?
  • How can I delete attachments?
  • If I've deleted an attachment, how can I restore it or view it?
  • How can I make (:attachlist:) look prettier and provide more information?
  • How can I find orphaned attachments or attachments that are linked to but don't exist?
  • How can I find out more information about attached files?


By default, renaming or deleting attached files isn't possible from within PmWiki. This recipe adds that functionality, as well as an undelete action, and a modified list of attachments to provide easy links to using these actions. A few extra bells and whistles are also provided, such as extended metadata about attached files.

To install this recipe

  • Download attachtable.tar.gzΔ (142kB) and unpack it:
    • The files in cookbook/attachtable/ should go to a new directory attachtable under your cookbook directory
    • The files in pub/attachtable/ should go to a new directory attachtable under your pub directory, or another location that you should define as $AttachtablePubDirUrl
  • Download attachtable-getid3-more.tar.gzΔ (127kB) and unpack it to the directory attachtable/getid3 under your cookbook directory. The recipe unfortunately has to be separated into two files due to's 150kB limit on uploaded files (the included GetID3 library has a large number of modules for different file types). Alternatively, the whole package is available as a zip file from (306kB). For a "lite" version, you may download just attachtable.tar.gzΔ and not include the getid3 directory.
  • Add the following to your configuration file (after having set $EnableUpload to true):
    switch($action) {
      case 'delattach':
      case 'renameattach':
      case 'downloaddeleted':
      case 'fileinfo':
      case 'thumbnail':
      case 'upload':
  • Edit your Site.UploadQuickReference page and replace (:attachlist:) with (:attachtable:)
example Attachtable output

Screenshot using (:attachtable:) with default settings in the default skin


The default use case of Attachtable is as a replacement for (:attachlist:) in Site.UploadQuickReference, a page that is displayed when viewing the attachments associated with a page. Additionally it may of course be used to list attached files on other pages.

The directive (:attachtable:) accepts the same parameters as (:attachlist:) does, as well as some others, and generates a table rather than a list of attached files. It also has additional action links to delete ( X ) and rename/restore ( R ) files. Hover over the links for their tooltip explanations. These links are only visible if you have the required level of authorization (or have set otherwise, see below).

By default, Attachtable actions require 'upload' authorization, except for deleting files from disk, which requires 'attr' authorization. Authorization levels are customizable for all actions. (see PmWiki.PasswordsAdmin for more on authorization levels)

Deleting attachments - linked as X
If $EnableUploadVersions is set, deleting a file will first rename it to have a different extension (filename.ext,timestamp). Deleting such a "deleted" file will remove it from disk; this is confirmed using JavaScript, as it can't be undone.
Renaming & restoring attachments - linked as R
For the interactive prompt, you'll need to have JavaScript enabled (and not have $EnableAttachtableRename set to 0). If you have different size limits for different extensions, these will also be checked.

Viewing deleted files directly is also possible, with the proper MIME type and even if $EnableDirectDownload is set off.


(:attachtable:) shows a tabular list of attachments of the current group or page, depending on whether attachments are organised per group or per page. It accepts the same optional parameters as (:attachlist:) as well as some additional ones:

(:attachtable NAME:)
Shows the attachments of the group or page NAME.
(:attachtable *:)
Shows the uploads directory and permits browsing of all uploaded files by directory if $EnableDirectDownload is not set to 0.
(:attachtable ext=xxx:)
Specifies an extension for filtering by type of file. To list multiple extensions, use ext='xt1 xt2' or ext=xt1,xt2. Attachtable's ext option will also list deleted files of the specified type, unlike (:attachlist:).
(:attachtable filter=xxx:)
Specifies a more advanced file name filter, where xxx can be a valid regular expression pattern (use separator / to include, ! to exclude) or a set of comma-separated wildcard patterns. Internally, this and the ext parameter use the MatchPageNames function.
(:attachtable data=default|all|none|fileinfo|name|size|references|modtime|mimetype|filetype:)
Select which data fields to show in the table.
  • Leaving this out or setting data=default will let $AttachtableDataFields determine the fields.
  • data=all will show all fields.
  • data=none only shows the file names.
  • Any combination of the other values will show those fields in the order specified, eg. data=mimetype,size will show the file names, then the MIME type and third the file sizes.
    • fileinfo - Link to extended information about the file (requires $EnableAttachtableFileInfo to be set)
    • name - File name (if not included, will be shown before other fields)
    • size - File size in bytes
    • references - A count of the references made to this attachment, hover over the number for links to the referring pages
    • modtime - Time when file contents were last modified. Due to the way attachments are handled in PmWiki, this is synonymous with the time when this version of this file was uploaded.
    • mimetype - The MIME type of the file contents, if supported by your PHP engine
    • filetype - An expanded description of the file, if supported by your PHP engine. Note that this may be a bit slow for large numbers of files.
(:attachtable show=default|all|header|normal|deleted|linkonly|footer:)
Select which sections to show in the table.
  • Leaving this out or setting show=default will let $AttachtableShowRows determine the sections.
  • show=all will show all sections.
  • Any combination of the other values will show the specified sections, eg. show=header,footer,normal will show the header row, followed by normal files and the footer.
    • header - Column titles
    • normal - Normal files
    • deleted - Deleted files
    • linkonly - Missing files — this requires the references column to be visible
    • footer - Total number and size of listed files
(:attachtable actions=default|all|none:)
Show or hide the actions associated with the attachments.
  • Leaving this out or setting actions=default will only show the actions that the user currently has permissions for.
  • Setting actions=all won't circumvent the permissions required for the actions, it'll just show the links.
  • actions=none will hide all the actions.
(:attachtable -sortable:)
Disable the JavaScript re-sortability for the table. See below for more information.


The following variables may be set in your config file to control the way Attachtable works.

default: $PubDirUrl/attachtable
The URL for the directory containing the JavaScript and CSS files used by the recipe.
default: $AttachtablePubDirUrl/attachtable.css
The URL of Attachtable's required CSS styles. If set to FALSE or NULL, no CSS is included.
default: FALSE
Set to TRUE to include an optional Javascript addition that will let you re-sort the attachments without reloading the page. To use, click on a data column header. See below for more information.
default: FALSE
Set to TRUE to include a link to additional file information. See below for more information.
$HandleAuth array entries
See the source code for the different $HandleAuth definitions and set them to override the default authorization levels, for example with
$HandleAuth['delattach'] = 'attr';
These also define the visibility of the action links in the attachtable. Note that if $EnableUploadVersions is not set, deleting a file requires that $HandleAuth['deldelattach'] is set correctly.
default: TRUE
Controls the file size printing, set to 0 for the raw byte counts (which are by default shown in the tooltip).
default: undefined
An array in the format of $RecentChangesFmt that, if set, can add entries in your RecentChanges pages for file deletions and renames. Since logging file uploads isn't handled by Attachtable, also using Cookbook.RecentUploadsLog or something similar is recommended. The variables $upname and $upreport may be used in the log template; see the source code for an example.
default: array( 'fileinfo', 'name', 'size', 'references', 'modtime', 'mimetype' )
The data fields to display when not specified by (:attachtable data=xxx:), see the directive documentation above for more information.
default: array( 'header', 'normal', 'deleted', 'linkonly', 'footer' )
The sections of the table to display when not specified by (:attachtable show=xxx:), see the directive documentation above for more information.
default: undefined
The default filter to use if not specified by (:attachtable filter=xxx:), see the directive documentation above for more information.
default: 8
The maximum number of pages to parse properly when looking up attachment references, see below for more information.
An array of rules to include or exclude pages when looking up attachment references, see below for more information.
default: undefined
An array of regular expression '/pattern/' => 'replacement' rules for finding the thumbnail of a file. If the resulting string has a / as the first character, it is interpreted as a regular expression for matching file names. See below for examples.
default: undefined
An array of 'pagename' => 'pattern' rules for reading RecentUploadsLog or other log files of attachment changes. See below for examples.


If you'd rather use the actions directly, the format is as follows.

filename is deleted from disk or renamed to filename,timestamp, depending on $EnableUploadVersions and whether it's already marked as deleted
filename is renamed to newfilename
filename,timestamp, a deleted or overwritten file, is displayed with the correct MIME type
Show extended information about filename
Provided that filename is a JPEG image that contains a thumbnail image, show that thumbnail


For full functionality, you'll need to have $EnableUploadVersions set on (not set by default). To do so, add the following to your configuration file: $EnableUploadVersions=1;

By default, Attachtable may relax your security settings slightly, as 'upload' access will now also grant read access to overwritten files, which access is not granted in a default PmWiki if $EnableDirectDownload is set to 0. If this is a concern, change the $HandleAuth definition for 'delattach' to whatever you need. 'attr' access will also grant permission to delete attached files from disk when using Attachtable.

Attachtable's file restoration depends on PmWiki's versioning of overwritten files, where the file is renamed to "$filename,$Now" where $Now is a unix timestamp: an integer number of seconds since 1970. If you've changed some part of how PmWiki handles this, Attachtable may not work. Also important is the MakeUploadName function in upload.php, which by default strips commas from uploaded files and hence prevents naming uploads in a way that matches the pattern of a deleted file.

The rename/restore prompt and the deletion confirmation are done using JavaScript, but the actions themselves don't require it. Without JavaScript, the restore link will try to restore the file to its original name. Internet Explorer may prompt you for permission to open the prompt (though I can't understand why); there's very little I can do about this.

File verification when renaming files doesn't use the $UploadVerifyFunction function, but an internal function UploadVerifyRename that's based on the default UploadVerifyBasic function defined in upload.php.

Provided that $EnableDirectDownload is not set to 0, directories may show up in (:attachtable:) output, if using the * parameter or if directories exist in the uploads/NAME directory. Attachtable actions won't work on directories.

The file MIME types are found using a relatively robust process: first we try to use either mime_content_type or finfo_file; if these don't produce a decent result we try the shell command 'file -bi filename' and if that doesn't work we look up the extension in the $UploadExts array. Extended file information uses the shell command 'file -b filename'. I'm unable to test this on a non-Linux machine so I don't know if or how it'll fail in, say, a Windows server environment.

The output of Attachtable is fully internationalizable using the $XL array. To do so, you'll need to fill in the values to this XLPage templateΔ and add it to your common XLPage or otherwise include it.


The FileInfo component of Attachtable makes use of a patched version of the getID3() library that's included with the recipe. This allows most media files to be mined for all available meta information. Some additional functions are included for displaying image information, not the least of which is the ability to read embedded thumbnails from JPEG images.

FileInfo may also look for image thumbnails based on the file name, but for that you'll need to define a regular expression pattern and replacement to map a filename to its thumbnail. In my own setup, I generate a thumbnail for each uploaded image such that eg. filename.png has a thumbnail at filename.small.png. The rules I use to find these thumbnails with FileInfo are as follows:

$FileInfoThumbnailFmt = array(
  '/^(.+?)(\.small)?\.(gif|jpg|png)$/i' => '$1.small.$3',
  '/^(.+?)(\.small)?\.\w+$/i' => '$1.small.png'

Alternatively, I believe the following should work for ThumbList thumbnails. Note that the generated string is itself a regular expression, which is then matched against all files in the directory.

$FileInfoThumbnailFmt = array( '/^.*$/' => '/th\d+---([0-9a-f]+--)?$0/' );

FileInfo can also read the log files generated by eg. RecentUploadsLog. The following should work with the default format. $upname is replaced with the filename, the first parenthesized subpattern is taken to be the time and the second the action that took place.

$FileInfoLogFmt = array(
  '$Group.RecentUploads' => '.*\)$upname\]\]  \. \. \. (.*?) by (.*)' );


The optional Javascript re-sorting uses a slightly modified copy of Joost de Valk's implementation. The main changes have been to streamline the code and to add a custom sortval= property to the sorted table cells (used for the file size and last-modified date). This does break the resulting HTML's validation but should do so in a completely safe manner.

To use sortable.js elsewhere on your site, you'll need to include the script where appropriate and give the class 'sortable' to any table that you wish to become sortable. Currently this version of sortable.js is not compatible with the separate cookbook recipe SortableTables.


To find and list references to attached files, Attachtable needs to parse through pages in your wiki. By default, this is limited to the pages in the same group, as the process is relatively slow. For the same reason, there is a further limit $AttachtableProperReferenceLookupMaxPages (by default, 8 pages) beyond which a simpler parser is used. Hence it's quite possible that the information shown in the references column will be incomplete or incorrect, as eg. attachment names generated using page variables are incorrectly parsed. Also, if you've added or modified the ways that pages refer to attachments, these won't be included in lookups with more than $AttachtableProperReferenceLookupMaxPages pages.

To let Attachtable look through all wiki pages, you may set the following in a config file:

$AttachtableReferenceListPatterns['limit'] = '';

If the reference lookup seems too slow or Attachtable appear to get stuck, you might try setting the following in a config file:

$AttachtableProperReferenceLookupMaxPages = 0;

Features under consideration

  • non-JavaScript file rename prompt
  • remap links on wiki pages when renaming a file
  • PITS 00331 display number of attachments for a page
  • PITS 00659 enhanced Attach button

Release Notes

  • 2009-05-31Δ
    • bugfixes: exec(), captioned links
  • 2009-04-28Δ
    • bugfix: $AttachtableCSS
  • 2009-04-27Δ
  • 2009-04-20Δ
    • new: internationalization
    • new: javascript re-sorting
    • bugfix: fleeting PHP errors on redirect pages due to empty $AttachtableLogFmt (reported by Oliver Betz
    • bugfix: table now shown even if no attachments in order to show missing files (reported by Karl Schilke)
    • prettier CSS & Javascript
  • 2009-04-17Δ
    • new: can log changes to RecentChanges pages
    • new: filter & show parameters (filtering suggested by Petko)
    • new: references & filetype data columns
    • new: linkonly section & footer row
    • new: "human-readable" filesize (suggested by overtones99)
    • bugfix: ppt & xls mime type correction
    • bugfix: auth settings
    • mime type shown by default
    • rm '-deleted' listing option (now show=...)
  • 2007-11-28-2Δ
    • external file check for Petko's skip
    • bugfix: -titlerow parameter now actually works
  • 2007-11-28
    • MIME types
    • rearrange columns
    • view deleted files
    • properly read authorization levels for action link display
    • no $EnableUploadOverwrite dependency
  • 2007-11-27
    • verify on rename
    • globals to disable parts
    • optional direct links to deleted files
    • handle directories better
  • 2007-11-26
    • file rename action
    • internal reworking
    • simplify: more parameters & no globals
  • 2007-11-25 - answering Petko's suggestions
    • by default, only show permitted actions
    • delete from disk
    • superscripted restore link
    • minor cleanup & bugfixes
  • 2007-11-24 - first release

See Also



See discussion at Cookbook.Attachtable-Talk

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Page last modified on March 26, 2014, at 09:52 AM