Summary: Use to display an excerpt from a New Zealand topographic map in a PmWiki website
Version: 2021-06-18
Prerequisites: PmWiki 2.2.103 (PHP 7.4 compatible)
Status: Production
Maintainer: Simon
Licence: GPL3[1]
Categories: Images Includes PHP74
Users: +1 (view / edit)
Discussion: NZTopo-Talk?

Questions answered by this recipe

How do I display on a PmWiki page part of a topographic map of New Zealand using the official LINZ's 1:50,000 / Topo50 and 1:250,000 / Topo250 maps, as well as 1:25,000 / Topo25 maps for some of the offshore islands?


This recipe generates the markup for's ability to share and embed the map


  • download 2021-06-18-nztopo.phpΔ
  • copy to the /cookbook/ directory as nztopo.php
  • add to config.php the line


Place the directive, as described below, in your PmWiki page.

You can specify a locale as a decimal WGS84 latitude and longitude (ll), in NZTMΔ coordinates (nzne), as a Topo50 map reference (mapref), or specify a publicly accessible the URL of a gpx or kml file to overlay on the map (kml, gmx).

The scale of the map, but not the image, will automatically resize to the area covered by the kml / gpx data, or you can optionally specify the map zoom factor and the image size (height and width) to control the area of the map shown.

You can specify bounds of an area, by latitude and longitude (llbs), or NZTM coordinates (nzbs). The recipe will resize the map image based on the size of the rectangle defined by the bounds and the zoom scale factor.

You can optionally specify to show a pin marker (pin), and again optionally show a tool tip label for the marker (label).

The recipe provides a page variable {$NZTopoVersion} which contains the current version, and $NZTopo for a (:if enabled NZTopo:) recipe installation check.


(:nztopo ll=latitude,longitude

kml="url" gpx="url"
height=pixels width=pixels pin=1 label="string" zoom=number float=left|right clear=both|right|left:)
  • ll= -- centre point of the map as a decimal latitude,longitude
  • llbs= -- decimal latitude longitude bounds: latitude,longitude;latitude,longitude[;latitude,longitude...]
  • nzne= -- centre point of the map as an NZTM northing,easting
  • nzbs= -- NZTM bounds: northing,easting;northing,easting[;northing,easting...]
  • mapref= -- NZ Topo50 grid reference, AAxxxyyy, e.g. BN33991890

Only one of: ll; llbs; nzne; nzbs; mapref; can be specified.

Only one of: kml; gpx; can be specified

  • height= -- image height in pixels, default is 150
  • width= -- image width in pixels, default is 300
  • float= -- float image to left or right
  • clear= -- clear image to left, right, or both
  • raw= -- raw=1 for DropBox files
  • pin= -- show pin (1)
  • label= -- tool tip label for pin
  • zoom= -- scale factor for map (5 to 15), zoom is ignored when bounds parameters are supplied

config.php settings

You can change the default zoom factor by using the variable $NZTopoZoom in config.php. For example

$NZTopoZoom = 10; # set default zoom factor for NZTopo directive

By default clicking on the maps opens a full screen map in a new browser tab. You can change this as follows

$NZTopoNewwin = 0; # set open in new window flag for NZTopo directive


You can add CSS similar to this to local.css.

/* CSS for NZTopo recipe */
.nztopo {
    margin: 0.5rem;
.nztopoframe {
    border-radius: 0.5rem;


For the bounds llbs and nzbs parameters only two coordinates need to be supplied, but they take any number of coordinates. If a user had a bunch of coordinates they're interested in they don't need to manually calculate the two corner points to pass in themselves. Passing in all of them and allows the map work out what the bounding box is, e.g. they might have 10 waypoints from a tramp - they can just pass all 10 coordinates in and the map will adjust its bounds to make sure all 10 waypoint coordinates are visible.

Zoom 5 to 12 show the Topo250 map series and zoom 13 to 15 show the Topo50.

The API for specifying a gpx file differs from that for specifying a kml file. See the recipe's code for the extra handling required to use the API with a kml file.

Web server

For this recipe to work your web server must be able to serve gpx and kml files. You will need to add the media types

  • kml = application/
  • gpx = application/gpx+xml[3]

Change log / Release notes

2021-06-18 Fix incorrect placement of "-" in regex for PHP 7.4; 2021-04-21 Caption, inline-block 2018-07-10 Don't generate zoom parameter when llbs or nzbs 2018-05-14 Call topomap with https 2018-05-12 Make PHP 7.2 compatible 2015-07-01 gpx and kml now work, improve code, production ready 2014-08-09 Make PHP 5.5 compatible

See also


Special thanks to Gavin Harriss


See discussion at NZTopo-Talk?

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